It is arguably the most tender reparations in the history of human warfare.
I know, some people would like to know the compensation situation of Japan after World War II.
After Japan’s defeat in World War II, the victorious countries eligible under international law to claim against Japan were: China, the United States, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, the Netherlands, Australia, India, Indonesia, the Philippines, Myanmar, Vietnam, Laos, And Cambodia.
Of these, China, the United States, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union and other countries all waived war reparations, and only the following countries received the following amounts: Indonesia and the Philippines each received $800 million, Myanmar $200 million, Vietnam $39 million, Laos $2.78 million, and Cambodia $4.17 million.
Was not eligible for compensation of national war, in the fight for also received compensation, including $300 million in South Korea, Singapore, 25 million yuan, 25 million yuan in Malaysia, Malaysia, Thailand, 15 billion yen, a “neutral” in the second world war to Japan also puts forward the compensation of the war, 1.1 billion yen, Switzerland, Spain, 2 billion yen, 500 million yen in Sweden, Denmark, 700 million yen.
All told, Japan’s war reparations for world War II were $2.23 billion ($35 an ounce in gold), the third largest in modern war history.
Here to be honest to say, although the Chiang kai-shek government give up war reparations, sold to Japan, a big favor (it is said that is made after the war, Chiang kai-shek government go to Japan found that Japanese what also did not lose out), but after the reform and opening up in China, in order to return the favour in Japan, given the large number of Chinese aid – for example, China’s first subway of Beijing metro line 1, the capital airport, Shanghai pudong international airport, datong to qinhuangdao railway, wuhan Yangtze river bridge two famous infrastructure such as factories, are made by the Japanese and built to provide aid and low-interest loans.
From 1979 to 2010, China received 263.8 billion yuan of low-interest concessional loans from Japan, which, together with aid and technical cooperation funds, amounted to about 290 billion yuan (equivalent to about 5 trillion yen).
In fourth place on the list of modern war reparations is Prussia’s franco-Prussian war reparations of 5 billion francs after it defeated Napoleon III.
Let’s end with Armenia’s $50 billion war reparations.
After the Second World War, under the United Nations framework led by the United States, in fact, the world gradually formed some new war compensation system –
1) The primary task is to investigate the responsibility of the aggressor, unify the illegal use of force with the consequences of the war, and do not pursue money for the purpose;
2) Compensation shall be limited to losses directly caused by the war, which may include damage to the environment and damage to natural resources;
3) The amount of compensation to be reduced or waived by the victors, depending on the circumstances.
So, since the second world war, although there are a lot of war in the outcome, but we seldom hear that request to the other country has a lot of war reparations, for example, we have never heard of defeat in Afghanistan, Iraq, how much money lost American (America in countless money), the demand for compensation, azerbaijan opened again this is very bad.
Why is $50 billion an outrageous sum?
Just look at the size of Armenia’s economy and its per capita GNP since independence.
Armenia in 2019, economic scale is only 13.7 billion dollars, even less than 3 million population (may be because the cause of the war, for a long time since independence in 1990 is on the decrease of the total population of Armenia, from 3.5 million to 2.9 million), the per capita GNP is less than half of China, if a surge in foreign debt of $50 billion, which means that the Armenian purely external debt/GDP level is close to 400%, the per capita owed $16000 and this is how also can’t afford to Armenia.
So the news of $50 billion in compensation for the war provoked a wave of outrage in both countries. Azerbaijanis, of course, hailed the President’s wisdom, but in Armenia it provoked widespread anger, with the opposition calling for the ruling party to resign immediately.
The Armenian people have called for the arrest of those who signed the reparations for the ceded land, and they will not recognize the treaty of reparations for the war, and they will even continue the war, and they must unite with the Nagorno-Karabakh people to take back the land…